Sunday, February 11, 2018

Immortalized in Lyrics: Marigot Bay - St. Lucia

Marigot Bay
St. Lucia

N 13° 57.964 W 061° 01.951

Short Description: 

Marigot Bay is located on the west coast of Saint Lucia, 3.75 miles southwest from the capital city of Castries.

Long Description:

According to Wikipedia:

"The American novelist James A. Michener famously described Marigot Bay as "The most beautiful bay in the Caribbean."

"The all-girl trio Arabesque featured a song 'Marigot Bay' appearing on the album of the same name in 1980."

It is a song about dreaming about a lost love and their experience on the beach at Marigot Bay.

Musician: Arabesque


Each night I dream
The same old dream
I cannot forget it seems
The beach where I found you
Where I lost you too
I see the strand
The silv'ry sand
We are going hand in hand
Like we used to do
Like we used to do

Marigot Bay
Paradise of the blue lagoon
Tell me, why you are haunting me
By night and by day
Marigot Bay
Paradise of the blue lagoon
Where my heart was all aflame
I will never forget your name
Oh, Marigot Bay

You said to me:
You must believe
Darling that I've never been
So in love before
So in love before
Our love was strong
That nights were long
But one morning you were gone
Gone for ever more

Gone for ever more

Philatelic Photograph: Port of Castries - Castries, St. Lucia

Port of Castries
Castries, St. Lucia

N 14° 00.844 W 060° 59.62

Short Description:

The cruise port on the Caribbean island of St. Lucia is located in the town of Castries.  Most cruise ships anchor at Pointe Seraphine or La Place Carenage, both of which are within walking distance of the town.

Long Description:

Pointe Seraphine Duty Free Terminal is located on a peninsula on the north side of the harbor. It is about 0.75 miles to downtown Castries. You must walk around the cove on the north end of the harbor to reach the downtown area. It's a bit shorter if you take a shortcut through the St. Lucia Fish Marketing Corp. The terminal has a number of small shops and high end stores. You walk through Diamond International to leave the port. 

La Place Carenage Duty Free Terminal is in an industrial area  on the south side of the harbor. It is much closer to downtown Castries, about a 0.25 mile walk into the downtown area.

Pointe Seraphine Duty Free Terminal data from

Pointe Seraphine is within reasonable walking distance (about 500 metres or 1/3 mile) of the town Centre. Duty Free shops with amenities as well as licensed taxi stand at entrance.

PS#1: 400ft long (121.92m); Depth 36ft (10.97m). Suitable for vessels of length 850 – 1000ft (259.08m – 304.8m).

PS#2: 300ft long (91.44m); Depth 34ft (10.36m). Suitable for ships of length 750 – 850ft (228.6m – 259.08m).

La Place Carenage Duty Free Terminal data from:

Officially named Queen Elizabeth II Wharf, also referred to as Northern wharf or Port Castries. Located in Town Centre. Duty Free shops with amenities as well as licensed taxi stand at entrance.

Berth #1: 200ft long (60.96m); Depth 18-20ft (5.48m – 6.09m).

Berths #2 & #3:720ft long (219.45m) (continuous); Depth 27ft (8.23m).

Berth #4: 498ft long (151.79m); Depth 32ft (9.75m).

Berth #5: 520ft long (158.49m); Depth 32ft (9.75m).

Berth #6: 448ft long (136.55m); Depth 30ft (9.14m).

The stamp was issued by St. Lucia on February 20, 2004 to mark the 25th Anniversary of Independence

Saturday, February 10, 2018

Statue of Historic Figure: Victor Schoelcher - Fort-de-France, Martinique

Victor Schoelcher
Fort-de-France, Martinique

N 14° 36.305 W 061° 04.155

Quick Description: 

A statue of French abolitionist and writer is located in the court yard in front of the old courthouse on Rue de Pavé in Fort-de-France, Martinique.

Long Description:

A monument honoring French abolitionist and writer, Victor Schoelcher, was sculpted by Jean Joseph M.A. Marquet de Vasselot in 1904. A Carrara statue of Victor Schoelcher depicts the abolitionist and writer standing on a 6' high square stone base. He is wearing a knee length button down jacket under a calf length overcoat. To his right stands a young slave boy. He is looking down at the boy and has is right arm on the right shoulder of the boy.

The base of the statue is inscribed:

1804 - 1893


1804 - 1893


Victor Schœlcher was born into a wealthy family in Paris on July 22, 1804. He studied at the Lycée Condorcet before becoming a journalist. Using his personal wealth, he was an ardent advocate for the abolition of slavery throughout the world. From 1840 to 1842 he visited the West Indies, including Martinique, to study slavery.

He published many articles regarding the positive aspects of abolishing slavery. For example, he advocated the construction of large central factories for a more efficient production of sugar rather than using slave labor. He had a tremendous influence on the abolitionist movements in the French West Indies.

Wikipedia list the following writings of Victor Schoelcher:

De l'esclavage des noirs et de la législation coloniale (On slavery of blacks and colonial legislation) (Paris, 1833)
Abolition de l'esclavage (Abolition of slavery) (1840)
Les colonies françaises de l'Amérique (French colonies of America) (1842)
Les colonies étrangères dans l'Amérique et Hayti (Foreign colonies in America and Haiti) (2 vols., 1843)
Histoire de l'esclavage pendant les deux dernières années (History of slavery during the last two years) (2 vols., 1847)
La verité aux ouvriers et cultivateurs de la Martinique (The truth to the workers and farmers of Martinique) (1850)
Protestation des citoyens français negres et mulatres contre des accusations calomnieuses (Protests of black and mulatto French citizens against slanderous accusations) (1851)
Le procès de la colonie de Marie-Galante (The trial of the Marie-Galante colony) (1851)
La grande conspiration du pillage et du meurtre à la Martinique (The big conspiracy of theft and murder in the Martinique) (1875)
The Life of Handel, translated by James Lowe

Cathedral: Saint-Louis Cathedral - Fort-de-France, Martinique

Saint-Louis Cathedral
Fort-de-France, Martinique

N 14° 36.248 W 061° 04.178

Short Description: 

The Saint Louis Cathedral is located opposite Monseigneur Roméro Square at rue Victor Schoelcher in the downtown area of Fort-de-France, Martinique.

Long Description:

The Saint-Louis Cathedral is designed by architect Henri Picq in the Gothic Revival style with rounded arches in the Neo-Romanesque style. It was consecrated in 1895 and serves as the cathedral of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Fort-de-France. The cathedral and its unique open lattice work steeple was inspired by Gustaf Eiffel, a contemporary of Henri Picq. The original parish was founded in 1665. It is the seventh church to occupy this site. The cathedral underwent an extensive restoration in the 1970's. At this time the exterior was repainted tan and brown with ornate blue trim. The renovation was completed in 1978.

The a four sided clock is located in the steeple tower of Saint-Louis Cathedral. The central portion of each clock is red with a gold compass rose motif. The hands are gold with a fleur-de-lis pattern and the outside of the face is black with gold Roman numerals to mark the hours.

Hours of Operation:
Daily: 6.30am - 11.30am

Statue of Historic Figure: Empress Joséphine - Fort-de-France, Martinique

Empress Josephine
Fort-de-France, Martinique

N 14° 36.252 W 061° 04.071

Short Description:

The statue of the Empress Josephine is located on the north west area of Place de la Savane in Fort-de-France , Martinique. It was originally installed in the center of Place de la Savane and moved to this more inconspicuous location in La Savane by order of mayor Aimé Césaire in 1974.

Long Description:

A 5 meter high monument to Empress Josephine is sculpted out of white marble by Vital Dubray and dedicated on August 28, 1859.  The front of the base as a relief sculpture of the coronation of Josephine as Empress.

On the other three side of the monument are plaques commemorating: Josephine's date of birth, date of marriage, and the erection of the statue.

Joséphine de Beauharnais born Marie-Josèphe-Rose of Tascher de La Pagerie on June 23, 1763 in the French colony of Martinique. Her father was a wealthy sugarcane plantation owner who owned over 300 slaves. She had two children by her first husband, Alexander de Beauharnais, who was guillotined on July 23, 1794 during the French Revolution.

She then married Napoleon Bonaparte on March 8 , 1796.  As the first wife of the Emperor Napoleon I, she became the Empress of the French And the Queen of Italy until her divorce from Napoleon on December 16 , 1809.  After her divorce she retired to the castle Navarre where she lived as the of Duchess of Navarre until her death on May 29 , 1814.

While she was Napoleon's wife Josephine convinced him to reestablish slavery on Martinique and all other French Colonies, which was previously abolished by the French Revolution in 1794. It wasn't until April 27, 1848 that slavery was once again abolished in the French colonies. For this reason the statue is not warmly received by the people of Martinique. On September 1991, the statue was decapitated and later splashed with red paint. It remains in defiled condition until the present.

Philatelic Photograph: Prefecture of Martinique - Fort-de-France, Martinique

Prefecture of Martinique
Fort-de-France, Martinique

N 14° 36.297 W 061° 04.072

Quick Description: 

The Prefecture of Martinique was once the colonial governor's palace. Today it serves as the government center for Martinique. The entrance is on rue Victor Sévère in Fort-de-France, Martinique.

Long Description: 

Signs in three languages - French, French Creole, and English relate the history of the most important government building in Martinique, the Prefecture of Martinique. The main building was once the colonial governor's palace. It is now the prefecture of the Department of Martinique, an inclusive Department of France. The English language sign is inscribed:

Préfecture de
la Martinique:

From Governor Hotel to a state house in
the services of citizens

In the XVIIIth century, the various governors of Martinique left Fort Saint-Louis to settle in the new capital city, in a wooden building of colonial arhitecture located where the Prefecture now stands.

Two centuries later, in 1928, and after three years of construction work, the current buildings, the first ever to be built in reinforced concrete, replace the Governor' palace.

On March 1946, with the vote of the Law on departmentalization, the structure then became known as a prefecture.

In 1948, a ministerial decree relinquishes legal property rights to the department of Martinique. The State yet keeps exclusive use, free of charge and handles maintenance.

Hotspot of the political, social and administrative lie, the government Hall, then the Prefecture, bore witness to landmarks in Martinique's history, such as the welcoming of Victor Schoelcher, under-secretary of State to the Colonies who decreed the abolition of slavery in the colonies in 1848 or when the Prefecture took his quarters following the 1946 Law which turned Martinique into a department, the reporter of this law being none other than Aime Cesaire, deputy for Martinique. The Prefecture also harbored the celebration of numerous commemorations and a great many of social events were held there.

The different front appearances, roofs of "the palace" and of the two administrative buildings bordering the aisle of honor were protected as historical monuments on March 20 1990.

Since then, the outer buildings have undergone several renovation phases (1995-1996 and 2012-2013)

The Prefecture comprises three buildings:

The main building, "the palace", is, according to tradition, inspired from Le petit Trianon in Versailles. Built in a classically inspired arcitecture, the facade is regularly intersersed with great gaps. While the ground floor is from Doric order, an Ionic order was employed upstairs. Access is gained through great larhe stars and the main doors are made in art ironwork. They open on the vestibule leading to the Schoelcher and Eboue meeting rooms and to the central staircase. All the windows and doors are wood with louvered shutters.

The two administrative buildings along the main aisle, whose architecture follows from that of "the palace", open on passagesways leading to the offices.

Most of the period wooden work still sitting notably in the Prefect's office, were ordered to Mr. Antoine, cabinetmaker in Fort-de-France.

On October 17 2013 Manuel Valls, then Minister of the Interior, inaugurated two brand new modern and earthquake-resistant that were built at the rear of "the palace" (on Rue Louis Blanc) These wwo buildings enabled the merging of several on the same site as well as an improved reception of the service users. Between tradition and modernity, while still maintaining its luster of former times, the Prefecture of Martinique is resolutely turned towards the future.

The stamp was issued in 1940 by the then colony of Martinique as part of a set of 40 pictorial stamps issued between 1933 and 1940.

Statue of Historic Figure: Mahatma Gandhi - Fort-de-France, Martinique

Mahatma Gandhi
Fort-de-France, Martinique

N 14° 36.463 W 061° 04.339

Short Description: 

A monument honoring the leader of the Indian independence movement and apostle of non-violence Mahatma Gandhi is located in a traffic island north of the intersection of Rue Victor Severe and Rue Xavier Orville in Fort-de-France, Martinique.

Long Description:

A monument honoring Mahatma Gandhi contains a life size bronze bust of Mahatma Gandhi mounted on a rectangular marble base. The shaven head of Gandhi is depicted without any garment from the shoulders up. He is wearing a mustache and is looking straight ahead.

The dado on the front of the marble base is inscribed:

Le Republique de l'Inde a la Ville de Fort-de-France 
en commemoration de l'arrivee des premiers Indiens en Martinique en 1853 
1869 - 1948 
Homme de l'Universel, Apotre de la non-violence, Pere de la nation Indienne 

"Je ne veux pas que ma maison soit entouree de murs de toutes parts et mes fenetres 
barricadees. Je veux que les cultures de tous les pays puissent souffle aussi librement 
que possible a travers ma maison. Mais je refuse de me laisser emporter par aucune." 
12 decembre 2003

The Republic of India has the City of Fort-de-France
in commemoration of the arrival of the first Indians in Martinique in 1853
1869 - 1948
Man of the Universe, Apostle of non-violence, Father of the Indian nation

"I do not want my house to be surrounded by walls on all sides and my windows
barricaded. I want cultures of all countries to breathe as freely as 
possible through my house. But I refuse to let myself be carried away by any. "
12 December 2003

Mohandas (Mahatma) Karamchand Gandhi was born on 2 October 2, 1869 into a Hindu merchant caste family in Gujarat, India. He studied law at the Inner Temple, London. He then moved to South Africa where he first used nonviolent civil disobedience in an effort to establish equality and to end discrimination.

He returned to British colonial India and in 1921 he assuming leadership of the Indian National Congress. Gandhi led the movement to address social injustice and self-rule for India by non-violent means. He hoped for a pluralistic India but when in 1947 the British granted independence the sub-continent was partitioned into a Hindu-majority India and Muslim-majority Pakistan. On January 30, 1948 Gandhi was shot and killed by a Hindu nationalist, Nathuram Godse, who thought Gandhi was was too accommodating to political demands of Indian Muslims.